The ancient city of Machu Picchu in Peru is one of the most remarkable and popular landmarks in the world. What is the history of Machu Picchu and what is the lost city of the Incas, learn in the following lines.
In 1983, the ancient city sanctuary enters the UNESCO World Heritage List and is defined as an absolute architectural masterpiece and a unique heritage from the Inca civilization. Restoration and exploration of the exact purpose of its construction continue to this day, but as no written information is left, the work is running very slowly.
It remains a mystery about how large stones have been transported at such an altitude to build the remote city. Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city, positioned within Peru.
In addition, Machu Picchu is one of the most famous tourist attractions on the UNESCO World Heritage List and a dream for all adventurous people.
The ancient city of the Incas is located high up in the mountains, about 305 meters above the Urubaba River, along the eastern slopes of the Andes in Peru.
Machu Picchu is 80 km. from Peru's Cusco and 2 430 meters above sea level. It is believed that the ancient city of the Incas was built in 1430 during the reign of Emperor Pachakuti and was inhabited for over a century.
His inhabitants left him when the Spaniards conquered the Inca Empire. Even today, however, Machu Picchu is struck by his magic.
Religious structures, incredible architecture, astronomical and agricultural centers - all of which can be seen in Machu Picchu and awakens the admiration of scientists, historians and tourists. Inca culture, however, remains a mystery to the world.
The ancient city remains unknown and untouched, as historian Hiram Bingham did not reinvent him in 1911. Machu Picchu consists of about 200 structures. The city is designed in a way that defines two areas - an upper area for living and a lower area for agriculture.
There is also a complex with irrigation systems, canals, roads, paths. Visitors to Machu Picchu have the opportunity to explore the lost city of the Incas alone or in the company of a guide that can be hired at the entrance to the Peruvian landmark.
One of the most fascinating places in Machu Picchu is the Sun Gate, which overlooks the valley and is best visited at sunrise. The Temple of the Sun is famous for its sophisticated stonework on the walls showing the great skills of builders.
More interesting facts about natural attractions in Peru can be found in our previous articles about this fascinating country.
Intihuatana is a ritual stone believed to have been an astronomical clock. The Temple of the Three Windows is about 3 km. from Machu Picchu and has been used for ritual baths.
The Temple of the Condor is supposed to be a temple of worship or a torture room. Lamas are the main inhabitants of the lost city of the Incas. Machu Picchu's location has been chosen because of its remoteness and the difficult accessibility of the site.
And to this day, the lost city of the Incas is not among the easiest to reach tourist sites. But the view and the feeling of seeing Machu Picchu live is worth it!