Sights in Island Mangaia is the southernmost island of the group of so-called. Cook Islands and the second largest in the archipelago, after Rarotonga. Island located in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and Samoa.
Mangaia causes especially great geological interest, since its origin dates back at least 18 million years, which means that he is probably the oldest island in the Pacific. The local language island called Auau Enua, which means "terrace". Mangaia is also known as "Garden of the Cook Islands". The climate is temperate to tropical and soil of volcanic origin, which means that very fertile. Tropical vegetation on the island is plentiful and fresh. Particularly widespread plant of Mangaia are coconut palms, whose nuts are used as staple food and livelihood of local people. Another major crop is taro, called tropical potato believes that highest quality taro yields precisely Mangaia.
The island has excellent conditions for hiking, scuba diving, sea fishing and yachting. The entire chain of Cook Islands is one of the few places in the world whose nature is not damaged by mass tourism. The island is home to a specific type of bird - mangaian kingfisher (Todiramphus ruficollaris), which can not be seen anywhere else in the world. Unlike most of its cousins, however, not mangayskoto Kingfisher eats fish, small lizards and insects.
Colorful bird lives in fresh green forests makatea and is considered an endangered species. Like the other islands of the group Mangaia is of volcanic origin. The island has many beautiful caves, the most impressive is Teruarere opened in the 30s of last century. Especially beautiful natural phenomenon and Lake Tiriara, which is located in the southern part of the island.
It is a place that can monitor a number of representatives of the local flora and fauna. The highest point on the island is Rangimotia - 169 meters. Mangaia rises 4750 meters above the ocean floor and is surrounded by 60 m high coral ring called makatea. Because of him, the island has no sandy beaches and swimming in the lagoon is hampered by its proximity to the reefs.
Capital Mangaia is Oneroa, which is located in the western part of the island where live about half of all its population. The population of the Cook Islands is represented mainly by Polynesians who speak their own language and have a very rich culture variety in the different islands. One of the most curious features of the island Mangaia traditions are associated with the creation of semeystvo.
Mangaia is best known for its unique necklaces that local people produce - they are called "eis" and are made from the shells of tiny snail species, tinged yellow.