The ancient city of Chichen Itza Yucatan is an impressive architectural creation, one of the wonders of the world. Located in Mexico a few hours from Cancun. According to archaeologists, most likely the whole complex of buildings was made in the period VIII - IX century by the Maya. In the 10th century it was conquered by the Toltecs and later by Hunak Kel.
When the Spaniards came to these places, everything was half-destroyed. It is difficult to guess what these facilities were used for, but most likely the sacrifices took place here. The Maya sacrificed humans and animals to make the gods bring them rain. There is little rain in this part of the Yucatan Peninsula, so they dug deep holes in which the water was stored.
There are currently two such large wells where you can bathe. The water is nice and clean. In fact, the Maya and later the Toltecs relied on groundwater for drinking. Even in the early 20th century, Edward Hurbert Thomas managed to drain a well in a few years, at the bottom of which he found gold ornaments, human bones and pottery. They bear evidence of the rituals and beliefs of the local population in pre-Columbian times.
My advice is to enter the complex early to avoid the large crowds of tourists. There is an option to hire a guide and enter before sunrise but the price is $ 400 per person. The most impressive building is the regular truncated pyramid of El Castillo. It is very well preserved because it is too big. It is forbidden to climb it, but for information we can say that it is about 30 meters high, and there are two rooms at the top. They were most likely used for sacrifices.
To reach them you have to climb 365 steps, which are quite steep. The side of the pyramid is 55 meters and can compete with those of the Egyptian pyramids. It is no coincidence that the steps are 365 as there are days in the year. The Maya had two calendars, one of which coincided with the current calendar. They had special holidays during the spring and autumn equinoxes.
Scientists have recently discovered that there is a Cenote well under the Kukulcan pyramid. Another amazing architectural landmark is the Temple of War. It is a stepped pyramid surrounded by stone columns that guard it. At the top is a statue of a man holding a deep vessel in his hands. In fact, you can see such Chakmool figures in many places in Chichen Itza.
Also impressive is the great precision in the arranged stone blocks, as well as their good workmanship. The ancient Maya had a very good knowledge of astronomy. That's why you can see another building "Karacol Observatory". It is very similar to modern planetariums with its round dome. They knew about the motion of the planets and the cycles of Mars and Venus. The last attraction in Chichen Itza is the Jaguar Temple. It is so called because of the numerous heads and statues of jaguars on the walls of the building. Next to it is a playground with a ball. It is surrounded on both sides by high walls, which depict the players who took part in this ancient game.
This game hardly resembled modern football, but it remains a mystery. For dessert the whole adventure in Chichen Itza is to bathe in the Ik Kil cenote. The feeling is very pleasant and invigorating, given the great heat even in spring or autumn, not to mention summer. Here are some tips from me. Don't buy souvenirs from Chichen Itza because they are very expensive unless you can't bargain in Spanish.
It is good to know this language and especially numbers and food. Wear sunscreen, umbrellas and change of clothes.